American Indian and Alaska Native Community Statistics
Statistics are often hard to come by for American Indian and Alaska Native communities. We have compiled the most current and credible general AI/AN community statistics that will be helpful in writing grants and understanding community needs’ regarding obesity prevention. For regional specific data check out your region’s Tribal Epi Center.
Each statistic below is linked to the original source. We would like your feedback, please let us know of additional and helpful data to share!
General Obesity and Overweight Statistics
- Before 10 years of age, 40% to 50% of Indian children of many communities are classified as either overweight or obese by modern definitions in contrast to data from a century ago in which Caucasian and Lakota children were equivalent in weight and body mass index.
J Public Health Manag Pract. 2010 Sep-Oct;16(5):381-7
- The prevalence of overweight and obesity in AI/AN preschoolers, school-aged children, and adults is higher than the respective US for all races combined.
Obes Res. 1995 Sep;3 Suppl 2:289s-297s
- Rate of obesity among American Indians and Alaska Natives adults is 39.9 percent.
Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in IHS Active Clinical Patients
(Unpublished fiscal year 2008 data from the IHS Clinical Reporting System (CRS) (2009 update coming).)
- 81 percent are overweight or obese
- 54 percent are obese
- 85 percent of adults ages 45–54 are overweight or obese (highest percentage of adult patients)
- 45 percent of children ages 2–5 are overweight or obese
- 25 percent of children ages 2–5 are obese
- 49 percent of children ages 6–11 are overweight or obese
- 31 percent of children ages 6–11 are obese
- 51 percent of youth ages 12–19 are overweight or obese
- 31 percent of youth ages 12–19 are obese
- American Indian and Alaska Native adults are 2.3 times more likely to have diagnosed diabetes compared with non-Hispanic whites (16.1% vs. 7.1%; 2009).
National Diabetes Fact Sheet, 2011
- American Indian and Alaska Native youth aged 10-19 are 9 times more likely to be diagnosed type 2 diabetes compared to non-Hispanic whites (1.74 1000 vs. 0.19 per 1000; 2001).
SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubme
- 110 percent increase in diagnosed diabetes from 1990 to 2009 in American Indian and Alaska Native youth aged 15-19 years (3.24 vs. 6.81 per 1,000)
IHS Division of Diabetes Statistics (unpublished analysis)
- 1.6 times higher death rate due to diabetes for American Indians and Alaska Natives compared with the general U.S. population (34.5 vs. 21.8 per 100,000; 2008).
Health, United States, 2011: With Special Feature on Socioeconomic Status and Health http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf